River length

1376 km

Basin area

366,223 sq km

Population in basin

128 million (2001)

States in basin

Uttarakhand, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh,

Major cities using water

New Delhi (pop: 19 million), Agra (pop: 1 million), Allahabad (pop: 1 million), Mathura (pop: 349,336)

River Depletion

  • Water depletion: 60% (estimation from World Bank report)
  • Dry season drought risk: Low-Medium
  • Monsoon flood risk: High
  • Tree cover loss: 11% (1985-2005)
  • Seasonal variability of water levels: Extremely High

Economic & Environmental Significance

  • The Yamuna creates the highly fertile Yamuna-Ganga Doab region with the Ganga.
  • Almost 27 billion liters are extracted every day from the river. The river accounts for more than 70% of Delhi’s water supplies.
  • It irrigates 6 million hectares of agricultural land and provides about 400MW of hydroelectricity

Spiritual & Cultural Significance

The river is intimately connected with Krishna’s life when he was a child.
Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas, was situated on the Yamuna’s banks. It is today considered to be the modern city of Delhi.

The Yamuna meets the Ganga at Prayag, one of the most significant spaces for Indians. The Kumbha Mela is held here every twelve years.
The Yamunotri, the origin of the Yamuna, is one of the Chota Chardham pilgrimage spots. The other three are Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath.

References and Credit


View All
    View All