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土壤活動支持者關於
現在就行動

土壤的神奇

唯一能起死回生的神奇物質

Sadhguru


拯救土壤的行動是有關於將人類結合起來讓土壤的神奇能存活下去。

觀賞拯救土壤紀錄片

What is soil
我們大部分的人對於例如氣候變遷的字眼和概念都很熟悉碳排放,空氣污染以及水資源短缺,然而只有極少數的人會聚焦在土壤上,地球上的生命一直都只靠一層如薄殼般的地表沃土維繫著。

但是...
究竟土壤是什麼而它又有何作用呢?

讓我們透過以下的小測試加以探索

問題 1 / 6

土壤是______

從地上長出的樹苗

土壤是我們生命的基礎。然而...

根據聯合國以及全球專家的報告:農業、森林砍伐、以及其他因素都使表層土壤以驚人的速度退化和受到侵蝕。全球而言,有52%的可耕土地已經退化。一位資深的聯合國官員說,假使土壤以目前的速度繼續退化下去,全世界的表層土壤將在60年內完全流失。土壤滅絕所造成的後果將會是災難性而且全面性的,因為它所影響的層面是我們這個地球上所有的生命。

Soil desertification

退化嚴重的

退化的

穩定的

無植被

這個星球正處於危機當中

Crisis

糧食危機

20年內,93億人口的糧食估計將減產40%。

貧脊的土壤導致營養價值的匱乏。今日的水果和蔬菜已包含90%較少的營養成分。

20億人遭受營養不良之苦而導致多種疾病。

Crisis

水資源缺乏

枯竭的土壤無法吸收與調節水流。

失去保水性導致水資源缺乏、乾旱以及水災。

有機物質可以在水中保有90%的重量並隨時間緩慢地釋放掉。這在容易發生乾旱的地區是個很大的幫助。

Crisis

喪失生物多樣性

科學家們說,每年因為喪失棲息地而走向滅絕的物種大約有2萬7千種。

這個危機已釀成80%的昆蟲生物質消失的程度。

生物多樣性的喪失進一步擾亂了土壤棲息地,並阻礙土壤的再生。

Crisis

氣候變遷

土壤中保存的碳是植物中能保存碳量的3倍、大氣中保存碳量的2倍,這代表土壤對碳封存極為重要。

如果我們沒有復育世界上的土壤,可能會有8500億噸的二氧化碳由土壤釋放到大氣而導致氣候變遷。這比全體人類在過去30年所釋放的總量還多。

Crisis

喪失生計

數以千計的農夫因為土壤的枯竭而自殺。

74%的貧困民眾直接受到全球性土地退化的影響。

據估計,每年因土壤滅絕而產生的全球性花費高達10.6兆美金。

Crisis

衝突與移民

到了2050年,人口的成長、糧食和水資源的短缺可能導致超過10億人需要移民到其他地區和國家。

自從1990年起,土地問題在非洲是引發超過90%的重大戰爭與衝突的主要原因。

從法國大革命到阿拉伯之春,糧食價格的高漲被引證為大多數抗議活動的因素。

土壤:一個全面的解決方案

幾乎每個主要的生態危機,就某種程度而言,都是土壤退化症狀的結果。同樣的,幾乎每一個環境的或與環境相關的痛點都能以創造健康的土壤作為因應之道。

事實上,有一種謬論認為我們能單就環境的某一個面向加以因應而無需針對整體。因為在生態系統中沒有任何一個面向是在孤立中運作的除非我們覺知到生命是一整個複合的現象,其中所有的一切都在結合中發生。就許多方面而言,土壤是生命往前躍動於其上的舞台。如果我們能解決土壤問題,我們就有最好的機會去解決整體的問題。

土壤再生 - 全球性政策草案及解決方案手冊

閱覽
policy

專家怎麼說?

Maria Helena Semedo

Deputy Director General
The Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations

Ibrahim Thiaw

Executive Secretary, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
Under-Secretary-General, United Nations

Ovais Sarmad

Deputy Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Dr. Rattan Lal

World Food Prize Awardee, 2020

Distinguished Professor of Soil Science, Ohio State University

Appointed by US President Biden to the Board for International Food and Agricultural Development

Jean-François Soussana

Nobel Laureate as Part of IPCC Team Soil Scientist & Vice Chairman National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food & Environment, France

Dr. Jo Handelsman

Former Science Advisor to President Barack Obama
Director of the Wisconsin Institute for Discovery at University of Wisconsin

Erik Solheim

Former UN Environment Executive Director and Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

Stewart Maginnis

Deputy Director General, IUCN

Dr. Naoko Yamamoto

Assistant Director-General, World Health Organization

Manoj Juneja

Assistant Executive Director, World Food Programme (WFP)

Claire Chenu

Senior Soil Scientist, National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France Professor, AgroParis Tech Institute

Patrizia Heidegger


Director for Global Policies & Sustainability, European Environmental Bureau

Dr. Muralee Thummarukudy

Director of the Coordination Office of the G20 Global Initiative on Reducing Land Degradation & Enhancing Conservation of Terrestrial Habitats

Paul Luu

Executive Secretary, 4 Per 1000 Initiative

Ronald Vargas

Secretary, Global Soil Partnership at UN FAO

Shamila Nair-Bedouelle

Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences, UNESCO

Tim Christopherson

Head, Nature for Climate Branch, UN Environment Programme (UNEP)

Bishow Parajuli

Country Head, India , United Nations World Food Programme

Dr Johan Rockstrom

Director, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research

Dr. Elaine Ingham

Soil Microbiologist

Dr. Joachim von Braun

Agricultural Scientist & President, Pontifical Academy of Sciences

Dr. Bala Subramaniam

Professor of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School
Director, Sadhguru Center for a Conscious Planet at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, A Harvard teaching Hospital

Nadia Isler

Director of the SDG Lab in the Office of the Director-General of UN Office at Geneva (UNOG)

Dr. Iyad Abumoghli

Founder and Director, United Nations Environment Programme - Faith for Earth

Dr. Richard Cruse

Professor, Agronomy Department, Iowa State University
Director, Iowa Water Center

Tony Rinaudo

Principal Climate Advisor, World Vision Australia

Dr. Manuel Otero

Director General of Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA)

Dr. Gaius Eudoxie

Soil Scientist
Vice Chair of the Intergovernmental Working Group on Drought Under UNCCD
Member of Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils under Global Soil Partnership, FAO

AS Kiran Kumar

Space Scientist;
Former Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization

Dr Vibha Dhawan

Director General, The Energy and Resources Institute

Commodore Amit Rastogi

Chairman and Managing Director, National Research Development Corporation

Dr. Daniel Rasse

Department Head, Biogeochemistry & Soil Quality
Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research

Dr. David Yawson

Senior Agri-Food Systems & Environmental Scientist

Senior Lecturer & Director of Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies University of the West Indies, Cave Hill

Former Advisor to Government of Ghana & Several International Development Organizations

Allain Bougrain

Environmentalist & President, French League for the Protection of Birds

Morag Gamble

Founder, Permaculture Education Institute

Dr. TV Ramachandran

Scientist & Coordinator at the Energy and Wetland Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences at Indian Institute of Sciences

H.E. Dr. Mohamed bin Mubarak Bin Daina

Special Envoy for Climate Affairs &
Chief Executive, Supreme Council for Environment, Bahrain

Dr. Saravanan Kandasami

Organic Farmer
Former Soil Scientist at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Prof. Ramesh Chand

Agricultural Economist & Member, NITI Aayog

Pravesh Sharma, IAS

Co-Founder and CEO at Kamatan Farm Tech Pvt Ltd

Sanjeev Sanyal

Member of the Economic Advisory Council to India’s Prime Minister
Author & Economist

Nikola Rahnev

Awardee, Green Person Award for 2020, Bulgaria
Founder, Gorata BG - the largest ecological organization in Bulgaria

T Vijay Kumar, IAS (Retd.)

Head of Natural Farming Program, Govt. Andhra Pradesh
Executive Vice-Chairman, Rythu Sadhikara Samstha (A Govt. Corporation for Farmers' Empowerment)

David Roggero

President of Aapresid (Argentine No-till Farmers Association)

紀錄片

親吻大地

紀錄片

親吻大地

播放

科學上的說法?

S.O.S - 拯救我們的土壤?

土壤管理

印度太空研究機構

生物多樣性

全球每年約有240億噸的肥沃土壤以及2萬7千的物種消失。

閱讀更多

根據聯合國報告:世界上的農場已經因過度使用而緊繃到“即將崩潰”的程度。

氣候變遷

世界上最受氣候變遷所威脅及因污染導致退化的放牧和農耕系統必須趕快轉變成永續的方式以餵養...

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看全部

哦!土地

土壤的芬芳
對我而言更為溫柔
更勝於花朵的迷人芳香

生命的強壯與敏銳
蘊藏於土壤中
洋溢著熱情的浪潮
獨樹一幟

不屬於個人的熱情
而是對我的同種族群而言
那個已經無法再感受的族群
對於所有曾經滋養它的
並且在生命終結時吸納它的土壤

當我赤腳行走,我臣服
於如此深刻的熱情中
超乎言語所能描述

哦!土壤,我的生命


Sadhguru詩作

讓我們一起實現它吧!

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